On This DayCyprus
Thursday, 29 June 2000 (8/2000)
Commemorative Issue: 50th Anniversary of European Convention of Human Rights
The European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms provides the member states of the Council of Europe with a most important regional system for the protection of Human Rights. The Convention was signed in Rome on 4 November 1950 and its signature and ratification is a precondition for a state to become a member of the Council lf Europe.
The main characteristics of the Convention and of its eleven additional protocols is that it refers to all civil political rights and provides a legal framework through various control mechanisms (e.g. European Court of Human Rights) of Human Rights protection, even providing the right of individual petition, as in the case of Titina Loizidou vs. Turkey.