It is thought that there are more German Shepherds than any other dog breed
in the world, as well as the most successful police dog breed. It descends
from a population of working shepherd dogs in north-west Germany. Max von
Stephanitz is recognised as founder of the breed, establishing the German
Shepherd Dog Association in 1890.
The breed is promoted as loyal, strong, intelligent and sociable, although
cautious with strangers. German Shepherds are used extensively by Australian
police units for the apprehension of violent offenders, tracking missing
persons, locating weapons, explosives and narcotics and responding to antisocial
behaviour at demonstrations and riots.
These dogs are thought to be the most popular working sheep dog. Farmers in
the border areas of Scotland and England developed the breed around the 17th
century. Border Collies were first introduced to Australia in the 19th century.
They are natural herders, rather than drovers, and will practice this skill at
every opportunity. They thrive on work, rigorous training sessions and have
very high energy levels. Border Collies possess extreme alertness and are
considered to be one of the smartest breeds.