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23 February 2010
3/2010
Commemorative Issue

Australian Commonwealth Coinage 1910-2010

Australia
In 2010 it will be 100 years since Australia first issued coins in its own right as legal tender for the entire country. The Coinage Act had been passed the previous year, some eight years after Federation. The coins were produced at the Royal Mint in London, as Australia's mints lacked the designers, engravers and tool-makers to undertake this work.

This first coin issue comprised the florin (2 shillings), shilling, sixpence and threepence, all of which were produced in 92.5% silver (sterling silver). The copper penny and halfpenny were not released until the following year. The pictorial design was the same on each of the 1910 coins, featuring the profile of King Edward VII on one side and the Australian coat of arms on the other. The stamp designs in this commemorative issue show the florin.

1910 florin, King Edward VII (1908)  

1910 florin, King Edward VII (1908)

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The $2.75 stamp shows the profile of King Edward VII on the obverse of the coin, designed by George William de Saulles. Edward VII died just two months after the first shipment of florins and shillings reached Australia, and before the arrival of the threepence and sixpence. His image was replaced by that of his successor, George V, on the 1911 coins.

1910 florin, Coat of Arms (1908)  

1910 florin, Coat of Arms (1908)

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The 55-cent stamp shows the reverse of the coin, designed by William Henry James Blakemore, upon which appears the Australian coat of arms granted by King Edward VII in 1908. The kangaroo and emu flank a shield, above which is the Federation star. Despite a revamped coat of arms being produced in 1912, the original version remained on the coins throughout the term of their production.

Cancellation Stamps

Official First Day Covers

Official FDC Australian Commonwealth Coinage 1910-2010

Technical Information

Issue Date: 2010-02-23
FDI Withdrawal Date: 2010-03-23
Denominations: 1 x 55c, 1 x $2.75
Designer: Disegno
Printer: Energi Print
Paper: Tullis Russell
Printing Process: Lithography
Size: 26mm x 37.5mm
Performations: 13.86 x 14.6
Sheet Layout: Modules of 50
Special Feature: Foil and embossed
National Postmark: Canberra, ACT 2600
copyright notice: This material has been reproduced with permission of the Australian Postal Corporation. The original work is held in the National Philatelic Collection.
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