|The settlement of the first Greek speaking tribes around 2000B.C. in the area occupied by Greece today is the beginning of a long period of on-going presence of Hellenism on the stage of history. During this period of 4000 years of Greek culture there were important milestones.|
The Mycenaean civilization (26th 12th century B.C.) survived in the memory of future generations because of epic poetry. It was a brilliant period of strong kings and heroes, a picture that has been ascertained by archaeological excavations. The Mycenaean Greeks during their period of expansion settled in Cyprus too, another area where Hellenism appeared and continues ever since with unbreakable continuity.
Classical Greece and Athens especially of the 5th century B.C., gave the world together with the incomparable creations of art, speech and intellectualism, everlasting values like democracy, freedom and justice. The conquests of Alexander the Great brought the Greek spirit and civilization to the tour corners of the unknown world at the time.
The Byzantine civilization, the result of the mingling of Hellenism and Christianity - direct continuation of Greco-Roman antiquity - gave to modern Hellenism the basic elements which define its special mark and identity.
Text: Maria Pipilis, Director Research Centre on Antiquity, Academy of Athens.
Source: Department of Postal Services, Republic of Cyprus.