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01 October 1979
4/1979
Commemorative Issue

Anniversaries and Events 1979

Cyprus
The Anniversaries and Events commemorated in the 1979 issue are
  • The 50th Anniversary of the International Bureau of Education (15M)
  • The 20th Anniversary of the Cyprus Philatelic Society (25M)
  • The Centenary of the Cyprus Survey by Lord Kitchener (50M)
  • The Declaration of the Rights of the Child (75M)
  • The UEFA Silver Jubilee (100M)
  • The 75th Anniversary of Rotary International (125M)

50th Anniversary of the International Bureau of Education  

50th Anniversary of the International Bureau of Education

:

The International Bureau of Education (IBE), founded in 1925 as a private organization in Geneva, became in 1929 the first intergovernmental body for education and in 1969 an integral part of UNESCO. It maintains direct relations with the Ministries of Education of Unesco's member states to which it serves as a centre of information for all educational matters. IBE as an international centre of comparative education has the following functions:

  1. To organize every two years in Geneva the International Conference on Education (ICE) in which Ministers of Education or senior officials discuss educational matters.
  2. To undertake and coordinate educational studies and research.
  3. To document and disseminate educational information.
  4. To maintain an international library and a permanent exhibition on education.
The 37th session of ICE, held in July 1979, coincided with the 50th anniversary of the IBE as an international body. Cyprus participated with the report "Education in Cyprus, 1969-1978".

20th Anniversary of the Cyprus Philatelic Society  

20th Anniversary of the Cyprus Philatelic Society

:

The Cyprus Philatelic Society, which is the only philatelic organisation in Cyprus with membership from all over Cyprus, was formed on the 5th of December, 1959 by 35 philatelists who met for this specific purpose, after an invitation published in the press. The Society, is governed by an elected Committee of nine members, on which all the major cities of Cyprus are represented, and has its seat in Nicosia.

The spreading of philately, the advancement of the Cyprus stamp, the tightening of relations among philatelists, the study of philatelic subjects and the facilities offered to members to enrich their collections are among others, the basic aims of the Society as set out in the Articles of Association voted for in the first General Meeting. In order to achieve the above mentioned basic aims, the Society is organising regular meetings of its members in its premises, provides its members with a library, organises exhibitions, lectures, auctions and film projections of philatelic interest, publishes a magazine and supplies its members with stamps.

The Society is represented by four of its members on the Advisory Committee which under the chairmanship of the Director of the Postal Services Department advices the Minister of Communications and Works on matters relating to the issues, subjects and designs of stamps. The Society maintains perfect relations with the Directorate of Postal Services in achieving the common aim of better appearance and promotion of the Cyprus stamp.

Without any doubt, the Cyprus Philatelic Society has been the flag bearer of philately in Cyprus and a major factor in the promotion and progress of philately. The tremendous increase in membership, which at present (1979) numbers 1148, is an ample proof of its considerable contribution and activity in this field.

The Postal Services Department, in recognition of the services of the Cyprus Philatelic Society gives to the members of the society certain privileges and facilities (i.e. specimen stamps, etc.) which philatelic organisations all over the world would envy, and honours its twentieth anniversary of multiple activity with a special stamp, in this "Anniversaries and Events 1979" issue.

Centenary of the Cyprus Survey by Lord Kitchener  

Centenary of the Cyprus Survey by Lord Kitchener

:

From the very early times man has realised the need to prepare drawings illustrating the land of the areas he lived in or the places he discovered. It was in this way that the first primitive maps wee drawn. Our island lying in a very important geographical part of the world has drawn the attention of many famous cartographers at different times: Pagano, Franco, Ortelius, Blaeu and others. We have many examples of their work but these are neither scientific nor accurate surveys. It was in 1878 that the Lieutenant of the Royal Engineers Herbert Horatio Kitchener (the later Field Marshal Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum) was appointed by the British Government to undertake the preparation of a survey and mapping of the island of Cyprus. Kitchener started hi task using very accurate methods which were unique for his time, and his work is considered the first scientific survey and mapping of the island. The first topographical map of Cyprus was published in London by Edward Stanford in 1885 at the scale of 1:63360. This map remained in use for many years as a manual of reference for many services. In 1880 Kitchener was appointed as the first British Director of Lands and Surveys. He left Cyprus in 1883 having laid the foundations for the establishment of a service that was to play a very important role in the development of Cyprus and became the depositary of the title deeds of every citizen of our island.

Declaration of the Rights of the Child  

Declaration of the Rights of the Child

:

In 1959, the General Assembly of the U.N. adopted the Declaration of the rights of the Child and later adopted a resolution declaring 1979 the International Year of Child.

ARTICLE 1
The child shall enjoy all the rights set forth in this Declaration. Every child, without any exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to these rights, without distinction or discrimination on account of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family.

ARTICLE 2
The child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of laws for this purpose, the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration.

ARTICLE 3
The child shall be entitled from his birth to a name and a nationality.

ARTICLE 4
The child shall enjoy the benefits of social security. He shall be entitled to grow and develop in health; to this end, special care and protection shall be provided both to him and to his mother, including adequate pre-natal and post-natal care. The child shall have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical services.

ARTICLE 5
The child who is physically, mentally or socially handicapped shall be given the special treatment, education and care required by his particular condition.

ARTICLE 6
The child, for the full and harmonious development of his personality, needs love and understanding. He shall, wherever possible, grow up in the care and under the responsibility of his parents, and, in any case, in an atmosphere of affection and of moral and material security; a child of tender years shall not, save in exceptional circumstances, be separated from his mother. Society and the public authorities shall have the duty to extend particular care to children without a family and to those without adequate means of support. Payment of State and other assistance towards the maintenance of children of large families is desirable.

ARTICLE 7
The child is entitled to receive education, which shall be free and compulsory, at least in the elementary stages. He shall be given an education which will promote his general culture and enable him, on a basis of equal opportunity, to develop his abilities, his individual judgment, and his sense of moral and social responsibility, and to become a useful member of society. The best interests of the child shall be the guiding principle of those responsible for his education and guidance; that responsibility lies in the first place with his parents. The child shall have full opportunity for play and recreation, which should be directed to the same purposes as education; society and the public authorities, shall endeavors to promote the enjoyment of this right.

ARTICLE 8
The child shall in all circumstances be among the first to receive protection and relief.

ARTICLE 9
The child shall be protected against all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation. He shall not be the subject of traffic, in any form. The child shall not be admitted to employment before an appropriate minimum age; he shall in no case be caused or permitted to engage in any occupation or employment which would prejudice his health or education, or interfere with his physical, mental or moral development.

ARTICLE 10
The child shall be protected from practices which may foster racial, religious and any other form of discrimination. He shall be brought up in a spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal brotherhood, and in full consciousness that his energy and talents should be devoted to the service of his fellow men.

UEFA Silver Jubilee  

UEFA Silver Jubilee

:

UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) is the Continental Confederation with the national Football Associations of 34 European countries in membership. Cyprus became a member in 1962 and participates with KOP (Cyprus Football Association) in most of the Competitions and in other international activities. The administration of UEFA is handled by the General Secretariat in Berne, Switzerland. UEFA pursues the highest level of European football and also forwards development of friendly athletic relations between national Associations, and avoids racial, religious and political discriminations. UEFA has experienced an unexpected rise and growth. UEFA is by far the largest and most important of all continental Confederations. 75% of the football players registered with FIFA living in Europe. Nowadays (1979), the following competitions are organized by UEFA:

  1. European Football Championship
  2. European Competition for National Amateurish Teams
  3. European Competition for National Representative Teams "Under 21"
  4. International Youth Trounament
  5. European Championship Clubs' Cup
  6. European Cap Winners' Cup
  7. UEFA Cup
  8. Super Competition

75th Anniversary of Rotary International 1905-1980  

75th Anniversary of Rotary International 1905-1980

:

The first rotary movement started in Chicago on 23rd February 1905 by a small group of ideologists comprising of a mineralogist, a merchant tailor, and a coal dealer, and led by Paul Harris, a lawyer. It was a reaction to the moral decadence in their country. Ever since, the movement has spread to over 100 countries, organized into many thousand clubs with over half a million members including scientists, merchants, manufacturers, scholars and artists. Half of these clubs and two thirds of the members live in the U.S.A. In 1922 the Rotary Clubs spread all over the world, united into the "Rotary International". The first Rotary Club in Cyprus was established in Nicosia in 1938. At present there are six clubs in the country. The principles of the Rotarian philosophy aim at rendering services to the community for the promotion of friendship, social harmony and peace and the predominance of social and moral values. The Rotary International has developed a many sided charity programme all over the world. In 1947 it established the Rotary Scholarship Foundation and in 1962 it put forward the system of small clinic units for rendering medical treatment to developing countries. More charity projects are undertaken by the local clubs in various countries. Each club is directed by a council which includes one representative from each profession, elected according to merit. They meet very often and discuss various subjects during dinners. Political and religious discussions which may provoke friction are excluded. The various Rotary Clubs communicate with each other through the Rotary International Club at Chicago. Cyprus is one of the many countries which have released stamps to mark the 75th anniversary of the Rotary International.

Official First Day Covers

Official FDC Anniversaries and Events 1979

Technical Information

Designer: Andreas Antis Ioannides
Quantities:
M50: 497000
M125: 497010
M15: 597000
M75: 800000
M25: 697020
M100: 550050

Additional Online Information

Official Site:  CYPRUS PHILATELIC SOCIETY
Official Site:  Declaration of the Rights of the Child
Official Site:  International Bureau of Education
Official Site:  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Homepage
Official Site:  Rotary International
Official Site:  UEFA Organisation
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